The Andaman and Nicobar
Islands, a union territory (UT) of the Indian Union is home to a number of indigenous tribes. It lies in the Bay
of Bengal, approximately 1,220 km south east of the coast
of West Bengal
and 1,190 km east of Chennai.
UT comprises of two islands – Andaman Islands and Nicobar Islands. The
main islands in the Andaman are Land Fall Island, Middle Andaman, South
Andaman, Port Blair and Little Andaman. Nicobar, lying to the south,
comprises of Car Nicobar, Great Nicobar, Chowra, Teresa, Nancowrie,
Katchal and Little Nicobar.
A deep ten-degree channel separates the two groups of islands, Andaman and Nicobar. 12 of the islands
, particularly Car Nicobar in the north, are inhabited, while Great Nicobar, the largest and southernmost island in
the group, is virtually uninhabited.
capital of the UT is Port Blair on the Andaman Islands. The UT regions
are administered by the home ministry in the central Indian Government. The islands are important from the tourism
point of view. The UT capital is well linked by regular ships and air services from coastal regions of the mainland of India.